Calbindin D28K and parvalbumin gene expression in rat embryonic ventral forebrain grafts.
Author : Shoham, S.
Source : Exp Brain Res. 118(4):551-63.
Date : 01/02/1998
Authors:Shoham S, Baker WA, Norris PJ, Emson PC. AbstractsThe present study characterizes expression of calbindin D28K (CB-D28K) and parvalbumin (PV) in ventral forebrain (VFB) grafts placed in the neocortex of adult rats bearing quisqualic acid lesions to the nucleus basalis magnocellularis. Three to nine months after transplantation surgery, rats were killed for in situ hybridization with probes to CB-D28K or PV and for immunohistochemistry with antibodies to CB-D28K or PV. In addition, an antibody to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) was used to characterize the cholinergic component in the graft and an antibody to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) to explore catecholaminergic innervation of the graft. Quantitative analysis of CB-D28K and PV messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) was based on counts of silver grains generated by emulsion autoradiography. Cells expressing CB-D28K mRNA were significantly larger than such cells in the adult VFB and the mean number of silver grains per cell was significantly greater than to such cells in the adult VFB. The level of CB-D28K mRNA expression as calculated by ratio of silver grains per unit area was also significantly increased. Quantification of PV mRNA showed no significant differences between the cells in the graft and in the adult VFB. In order to begin to interpret these findings, a comparison was made with such cells in the VFB of developing rats. Brain sections were sampled from embryonic day 17 and postnatal days 1, 5, 12, 19 and adult (6-12 months of age). Cells expressing CB-D28K mRNA were detected in ventral forebrain from postnatal day 5 and cells expressing PV mRNA were detected in ventral forebrain from postnatal day 19. In the course of normal development of the ventral forebrain, no CB-D28K cells were found that were as large or expressed such high levels of CB-D28K mRNA as observed in the grafts. We conclude that changes in grafted cells expressing CB-D28K do not reflect an arrest of developmental processes. TH immunohistochemistry revealed lack of catecholaminergic innervation of the graft, whereas adult mediolateral septal cells that express CB-D28K receive such innervation in addition to other neurotransmitter inputs. Imbalance in neurotransmitter inputs to grafted cells expressing CB-D28K is discussed as a possible factor in their increased size and gene expression.